babadag 1.jpgThe city is placed  in the Tabana river’s depression that roams It between hills of 250m highmade of granite And limestone Covered with forest. The area is outsided by Babadag lake Coiun Baba hill Sultan Tepe hill and Ianik Bair. On the city’s territory there was a roman settlement called Vicus Novus (vicus=village) mentioned in the inscription from the era of the Roman  Empire(year 178). In the central area of the nowadays city were also found roman artefacts that prove a cvasi-urban level of development (burned ceramic water pipes built in the walls). First documentary mention dates from 1263. In the Medieval times after the conquer of Dobrogea by the Ottoman Empire (the beginning of the XVth century) the living in the area became more and more important. At a certain moment the village obtained an urban character the Turkish name of the city is Babadag (the Father’s Mountain) for a period the city was the administrative centre of Dobrogea being the most developed city from around the area. Between 1677 and 1678 the Emperor’s residence moved from Silistra to Babadag. In this way the importance of Babadag as a residence of the most important man of Turkish reign from the Low Danube area is increasing. The chronicles mention in regard to this the interference of the Emperor from Babadag in internal policy of the two Romanian countries. Dating from the Medieval age in the city can be seen the Turkish mosque from the XVIth century near by the tomb of Gazi-Ali-Pasa and the Kalaigi fountain, Sari Saluk Dede’s Mausoleum, Panaghia /house as well as ceramic plates coins arms and many other artefacts kept in private or museal collections.

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Number of inhabitants: in 2002 the Babadag’s population was of 10037 inhabitants out of which 84.7% Romanians 15.3% of other ethnicity. The ethnic distribution: 8.466 romanians (84.3%) 1289 turks and tatars (12.8%) 168 gipsies (1.7%) 37 lippovans (0.4%) 77 others (aromanians Bulgarians).

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